Yunior is surprised that his brother can read. Papi sends a letter announcing his arrival, but Yunior does not know about this letter until later. Course Hero, "Drown Study Guide," June 14, 2019, accessed January 10, 2021, https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Drown/. When the man leaves, Mami tells the boys their father was a much better flirt. Along with the exploration of family dynamics, the theme of machismo is pervasive throughout "Aguantando." When Mami one day refuses to show it to him, he screams so loudly that it can be heard down the street. Yunior begins the story thinking about his absent father, as he tells us in the first line of the story: "I lived without a father for the first nine years of my life" (69). Mami sews together loose pieces of paper to give them something to use. Course Hero. When money is especially tight, Yunior and Rafa are sent to stay with relatives. Print Word PDF. Afterward, they have flavored ices and walk around the city. with language to find themselves and understand reality. Drown Quotes by Junot Díaz. (2019, June 14). This section contains 198 words Early in the story, Abuelo reminisces to Yunior about the past, telling him that there used to be a time when poverty was not so pervasive in the Dominican Republic: "when Abuelo was around (and awake) he talked to me about the good old days, when a man could still make a living from his finca, when the United States wasn't something folks planned on" (73). Drown by Junot Díaz – Chapter 4 “Aguantando” summary and analysis. Rafa tells Yunior that he read their father's letter. Yunior tells us that the only way he knows about his father is by looking at the photographs of him that Mami keeps under her bed. It was two years after he had left. Yunior and Rafa get excited about their father's return, and Yunior becomes obsessed with seeing the old photograph of his father. In this way, Mami's independence is consistently undermined by men who see her as a sexual object. Their barrio is not very safe, and she usually asks one of her male coworkers to walk her home. In this way, the context of the United States invasion greatly affected Yunior's life even though it occurred before he was born. Yunior and Rafa go to a school called Mauricio Baez, and they are not bullied despite the fact that they cannot afford the school uniform or mascotas (notebooks) to take notes on. Yunior sits with his family but Rafa sits in the back to join a group of boys. Retrieved January 10, 2021, from https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Drown/. . Mami, Yunior, and Rafa are poor and struggling, and the consensus among family and friends is that Papi's absence is to blame. When she gets back, they are no longer as close. Mami sends Yunior back outside. A man stops to flirt with Mami, which irritates Rafa. He reveals that he is nine and he still doesn't know how to write his own name. Some of them expect more but she makes it clear to them that this is not an option. Luis R. Ramos English Comp 2 Prof. Marion Stewart Titus September 21st, 2012 Aguantando By Junot Diaz “Aguantando” means holding on. In order to evade his advances, Mami lies that they are from out of town and invents an imaginary husband. Have study documents to share about Drown? These allusions show Yunior and his family's complicated relationship to the US as well as the complex relationship between the United States and the Dominican Republic at large. Drown, a series of short stories by Junot Diaz, explores the effects on families and particularly boys and young men when absent fathers and therefore a lack of . The next day, Mami tells the family that they are taking the day off as a family. In the photograph, Papi is in his Guardia uniform. For her part, Mami's skepticism is based on her previous experience with Papi's unreliability. In the very first paragraph we see how important it is for the narrator, Yunior, to hold on to his father’s memory. You should have given me the signal. GradeSaver, "How to Date a Browngirl, Blackgirl, Whitegirl, or Halfie", Fragmented Masculinity: A Critical Analysis of Junot Diaz’s Drown, Masculinity Complexes in Junot Diaz’s "Drown", The Intersections of Race and Gender in Drown. When Papi does not show up, she sends everyone home and sells the goat back to its owner. In Spanish, aguantando translates to something like "to take" or "to bear." The title word means "maintaining" or "enduring." When Mami is at work, Abuelo is supposed to watch over Yunior and Rafa, but instead he hangs out with his friends or works on his rat trap, which he commissions out all over their neighborhood, since they have a rat problem. Rafa tells Yunior about his father's letter. They are very poor. He and his family live in poverty, and they often eat boiled vegetables rather than beans or meat. In Junot Díaz’s “Aguantando,” the reader watches the main character, Yunior, suffer through poverty in the Dominican Republic while pining silently for his. This irony is discussed further in the Summary and Analysis section of "How to Date."). What was his relationship with his mother like? aguantando by junot diaz.pdf, 695.439 KB; (Last Modified on November 22, 2017) First and Beech Streets Hackensack, NJ 07601 , Hackensack, N 07601 201 … The Question and Answer section for Drown is a great 10 Jan. 2021. She cannot, however, keep from romanticizing the husband who has let them all down, showing that she participates to a certain extent in their dysfunctional relationship. When she tells him that she is married, he eventually walks away. Rafa used to think that he would simply appear in the middle of the night and they would wake up to them there. Mami has less work at the chocolate factory that year, which means that she is often in the house. In Junot Díaz’s “Aguantando,” the reader watches the main character, Yunior, suffer through poverty in … Five weeks later, Mami returns, and they never talk about the time she spent away. In 1965, the Dominican Republic underwent a civil war after the dictator Rafael Trujilo was assassinated in 1961. "Aguantando" is the second story in Drown in which Yunior visits events from his ninth year. Rafa believes that he will be taller as a result of eating American food, and Yunior believes that he will arrive richly dressed: "He'd had gold on his fingers, cologne on his neck, a silk shirt, good leather shoes" (87). Yunior reveals that Papi left the Dominican Republic when Yunior was four. Chapter 4 “Aguantando” ... Junot Díaz. For a few years, the military controlled the government, and the United States expressed fears that the Dominican Republic would become another Cuba. 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