[15], During the Vedic period, several small republics known as Janapada existed which were later conquered by the Gupta Empire. Browse from thousands of available listings and buy second hand cars in Himachal Pradesh. The State of Bilaspur was merged into Himachal Pradesh on 1 July 1954 by the Himachal Pradesh and Bilaspur (New State) Act, 1954. If you require any information or clarification regarding the use of your personal information or this privacy policy or grievances with respect to use of your personal information, please email us at response@zeemedia.esselgroup.com. Himachal Pradesh Horticultural Produce Marketing and Processing Corporation Ltd. (HPMC) is a state body that markets fresh and processed fruits. Sunshine on a snowy mountain at Himachal Pradesh. The predominantly mountainous region comprising the present-day Himachal Pradesh has been inhabited since pre-historic times having witnessed multiple waves of human migration from other areas. It even experiences heavy snow fall during the winter months. They managed to defeat Sansar Chand Katoch, the ruler of Kangra, in 1806 with the help of many provincial chiefs. In 1966, hilly areas of neighboring Punjab state were merged into Himachal and it was ultimately granted full statehood in 1971. However, this will not prevent the sites from placing further cookies on your device unless and until you adjust your Internet browser setting as described above. [12][13], Tribes such as the Koli, Hali, Dagi, Dhaugri, Dasa, Khasa, Kanaura, and Kirat inhabited the region from the prehistoric era. The state is endowed with a high diversity of medicinal and aromatic plants. Biological Conservation, 93 (3): 371-379. [56] It is the main source of income and employment in Himachal. Weather and climate in Himachal Pradesh (Shimla) Between the months of january and february the climate is correct . SHIMLA: A record number of 5,450 vehicles crossed the Atal Tunnel, an all-weather road beneath the 13,058-foot-high Rohtang Pass in Himachal Pradesh, on … The information provided below about cookies also applies to these other tracking technologies. The Kingdom of Gorkha conquered many kingdoms and came to power in Nepal in 1768. We may also allow our third-party service providers to use cookies on the sites for the same purposes identified above, including collecting information about your online activities over time and across different websites. Himachal is known for its narrow-gauge railways. Himachal Pradesh is a hilly area while Kerala is a coastal area. [110] The colour of the Himachali caps has been an indicator of political loyalties in the hill state for a long period of time with Congress party leaders like Virbhadra Singh donning caps with green band and the rival BJP leader Prem Kumar Dhumal wearing a cap with maroon band. Thanks for A2A. Below normal rain/snow also likely over Western Himalayan Region during week 1. [91], In the census, the state is placed 21st on the population chart, followed by Tripura at 22nd place. Auxiliary authorities known as panchayats, for which local body elections are regularly held, govern local affairs. [66] Himachal's hydro-electric power production is however yet to be fully utilised. These cookies are used by us or by our third-party service providers to analyse how the sites are used and how they are performing. Due to extreme variation in elevation, great variation occurs in the climatic conditions of Himachal. See Zee Business Live TV Streaming Below: Cumulatively, near normal rainfall activity over major parts of the plains of the country outside Tamil Nadu & south Kerala where it could be below normal during week 1. [15] Gradually, the Kingdom of Nepal annexed Sirmour and Shimla. In the assembly elections held in November 2017, the BJP secured an absolute majority, winning 44 of the 68 seats while the Congress won only 21 of the 68 seats. Besides these, there is a Government Dental College in Shimla which is the state's first recognised dental institute.[129]. (2005) Health traditions of Buddhist community and role of amchis in trans-Himalayan region of India. Please note that if your browser setting is already setup to block all cookies (including strictly necessary Cookies) you may not be able to access or use all or parts or functionalities of our sites. [57] Land husbandry initiatives such as the Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project, which includes the Himachal Pradesh Reforestation Project (HPRP), the world's largest clean development mechanism (CDM) undertaking, have improved agricultural yields and productivity, and raised rural household incomes. Himachal Pradesh. [11] According to a survey of CMS – India Corruption Study 2017, Himachal Pradesh is India's least corrupt state. [22] Vegetation in the state is dictated by elevation and precipitation. [5][88] The scheduled castes and scheduled tribes account for 25.19 per cent and 5.71 per cent of the population, respectively. [63], Hydropower is one of the major sources of income generation for the state. Most of the state lies on the foothills of the Dhauladhar Range. [19] The drainage systems of the region are the Chandra Bhaga or the Chenab, the Ravi, the Beas, the Sutlej, and the Yamuna. [66] The rich hydropower resources of Himachal have resulted in the state becoming almost universally electrified with around 94.8% houses receiving electricity as of 2001, as compared to the national average of 55.9%. Cold wave conditions also likely at isolated pockets of Interior Odisha & adjoining Chhattisgarh during the same period. [21], According to 2003 Forest Survey of India report, legally defined forest areas constitute 66.52% of the area of Himachal Pradesh. Himachal Pradesh Weather Conditions Baddi 61° Bilaspur 61° Chamba 54° Dharmsala 51° Hamirpur 57° Kharal 52° Kullu 57° Mandi 56° Nahan 56° Nalagarh 59° Paonta Sahib 63° … [62] According to the provisional estimates of Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, the annual apple production in Himachal for fiscal 2015–16 stood at 753,000 tonnes, making it India's second-largest apple-producing state after Jammu and Kashmir. The town derives its name from the local word palum, meaning "much water".There are numerous streams flowing from the mountains to the plains from Palampur. The hilly state is almost universally electrified with 99.5% of the households having electricity as of 2016. Dense to very dense fog in some pockets very likely over Punjab in the morning hours of 25th and isolated Dense fog in the morning hours of 26th. [15] In the revolt of 1857, or first Indian war of independence, arising from a number of grievances against the British,[15] the people of the hill states were not as politically active as were those in other parts of the country. Unless you have adjusted your browser setting so that it will refuse cookies, our system will check if cookies can be captured when you direct your browser to our sites. These are those cookies that belong to us and which we place on your device or are those set by a website that is being visited by the user at the time (e.g., cookies placed by zeenews.india.com). Summer lasts from mid-April till the end of June and most parts become very hot (except in the alpine zone which experiences a mild summer) with the average temperature ranging from 28 to 32 °C (82 to 90 °F). The Assembly is unicameral with 68 Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLA). These third-party service providers use persistent Cookies to help us improve user experience, manage our site content, and analyse how users navigate and utilize the sites. We use persistent cookies to improve your experience of using the sites. The state-owned Himachal Road Transport Corporation with a fleet of over 3,100,[85] operates bus services connecting important cities and towns with villages within the state and also on various interstate routes. Cold wave conditions likely in some parts over western Himalayan region and in isolated pockets over northwest India during 1st half of the week 2. Its pleasant weather makes it the popular destination all around the year. the thermometer goes up to 63°F°C and it … state centre on climate change (himachal pradesh) dr. s. s. randhawa sr. scientific officer shubra randhawa scientific professional ishant rai project associate 2015 seasonal, monthly and annual rainfall trends in himachal pradesh during1901-2002 rainfall trend hp s t … (2000) Status and conservation of rare and endangered medicinal plants in the Indian trans-Himalaya. [107][108][109] Of late, the demand for these handicrafts has increased within and outside the country. This cookie policy should be read together with our Privacy Policy. Bir Billing is the centre for aero sports in Himachal and considered as best for paragliding. [51] Expenditure on agriculture and allied activities increased from 14.4% in the First Plan to 32% in the Third Plan, showing a progressive decline afterwards from 24% in the Fourth Plan to less than 10% in the Tenth Plan. Assembly meetings are presided over by the Speaker or the Deputy Speaker in the Speaker's absence. [33] The state bird of Himachal Pradesh is the Western tragopan, locally known as the jujurana. After a brief period of supremacy by King Harshavardhana, the region was divided into several local powers headed by chieftains, including some Rajputs principalities. Massive achievement for Rocky Bhai Yash, Sanjay Dutt, Raveena Tandon starrer big-budget movie, After Neo Banking in 2020, 2021 belongs to Hybrid Banking? [73] Spiti Valley in Lahaul and Spiti District situated at an altitude of over 3000 metres with its picturesque landscapes is an important destination for adventure seekers. this link. [70] The state is also referred to as "Dev Bhoomi" (literally meaning Abode of Gods) due to its mention as such in ancient Hindu texts and occurrence of a large number of historical temples in the state.[71]. Each selected city will show you the following graphs: 1. [117] Lentils (Dāl), rice (Chāwal or Bhāț), vegetables (Sabzī) and chapati (wheat flatbread) form the staple food of the local population. "Isolated to scattered rainfall/snowfall over Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and isolated rain/thundershowers over adjoining plains of Northwest India during December 27 and 28," it said. [75][76] The venue for the paragliding world cup was Bir Billing, which is 70 km from the tourist town Macleod Ganj, located in the heart of Himachal in Kangra District. The British territories came under the British Crown after Queen Victoria's proclamation of 1858. [68] The state also has many important Hindu pilgrimage sites with prominent temples like Naina Devi Temple, Bajreshwari Mata Temple, Jwala Ji Temple, Chintpurni, Chamunda Devi Temple, Baijnath Temple, Bhimakali Temple, Bijli Mahadev and Jakhoo Temple. The State itself is a post-independence creation. [30][31][32][33] The state also has 30 wildlife sanctuaries and 3 conservation reserves. The leader of the party or coalition with a majority in the Legislative Assembly is appointed as the Chief Minister by the governor, and the Council of Ministers are appointed by the governor on the advice of the Chief Minister. The First Plan allocated ₹52.7 million to Himachal Pradesh. The legislature consists of elected members and special office bearers such as the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker who are elected by the members. A few parts of Himachal Pradesh received rain and snow on Saturday with the beginning of a wet spell that is expected to continue over the next four days, the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) said in its forecast. [41] The districts are further divided into 69 subdivisions, 78 blocks and 145 Tehsils. [86], Himachal Pradesh has a total population of 6,864,602 including 3,481,873 males and 3,382,729 females according to the Census of India 2011. (2002) Medicinal Plants of Indian Trans-Himalaya: Focus on Tibetan Use of Medicinal Resources. [130] In any event, such information will be kept in our database until we get explicit consent from you to remove all the stored cookies. The region also has some of the oldest Buddhist Monasteries in the world The governor is the head of state appointed by the President of India. [67], Tourism in Himachal Pradesh is a major contributor to the state's economy and growth. Himachal hosted the first Paragliding World Cup in India from 24 to 31 October in 2015. [101] Sikhs mostly live in towns and cities and constitute 1.16% of the state population. SHIMLA: Himachal Pradesh reported 3 Covid deaths and 84 positive cases on Saturday while 175 positive patients have also recovered. Zeenews.com use cookies and other technologies to store information in your web browser or on your mobile phone, tablet, computer, or other devices (collectively "devices") that allow us to store and receive certain pieces of information whenever you use or interact with our zeenews.india.com applications and sites. These cookies collect information about your activities on our sites as well as other sites to provide you targeted advertising. [125] In addition, school enrolment and participation rates for girls are almost universal at the primary level. [120] By 2011, the literacy rate surged to over 82%,[121][5] making Himachal one of the most-literate states in the country. [75] Buddhist monasteries, trekking to tribal villages and mountain biking are other local possibilities. [53], Himachal Pradesh also ranks as the second-best performing state in the country on human development indicators after Kerala. [34] It is one of the rarest living pheasants in the world. For example, these cookies track what content are most frequently visited, your viewing history and from what locations our visitors come from. [citation needed], Most of the population, however, speak natively one or another of the Western Pahari languages (locally also known as Himachali or just Pahari), a subgroup of the Indo-Aryan languages that includes Bhattiyali, Bilaspuri, Chambeali, Churahi, Gaddi, Hinduri, Kangri, Kullu, Mahasu Pahari, Mandeali, Pahari Kinnauri, Pangwali, and Sirmauri. As of the year 2009–2010, Himachal Pradesh joined the category of high female participation, recording a 46% share of NREGS (National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme) work days to women. These cookie are essential to our site in order to enable you to move around it and to use its features. Fresh spell of dense fog likely over plains of north India from 29 Decemeber. This FREE Android app offers buying and selling used cars in Himachal Pradesh. [61][62] In 2011–12, the total area under apple cultivation was 104,000 hectares, increased from 90,347 hectares in 2000–01. There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres). [17] On 18 December 1970, the State of Himachal Pradesh Act was passed by Parliament, and the new state came into being on 25 January 1971. [116] The day-to-day cuisine of Himachalis is similar to the rest of northern India with Punjabi and Tibetan influences. After the defeat, they expanded towards the south of the state. Source: PTI, Copyright © Zee Media Corporation Ltd. All rights reserved, CURRENCY IN CIRCULATION - Rise by Rs 3.23 lakh cr in first nine months of FY21; Know what people preferred in Covid times, Lava MyZ, ZUp, Z2, Z4, Z6: World's 1st 'Made-to-Order' upgradable smartphone is here - Specifications, prices and more, CAIT asks govt to ban WhatsApp, Facebook over new privacy policy, KGF 2 teaser creates another record! Sunrise in Himachal Pradesh, at Kinnaur Kailash. Himalayan rivers criss-cross the entire mountain chain. [84] Some roads are closed during winter and monsoon seasons due to snow and landslides. The Legislative Assembly was elected in 1952. of 1950). Some of the most commonly spoken individual languages are Kangri, Mandeali, Kulvi, Chambeali, Bharmauri and Kinnauri. [57][58] Pulses, fruits, vegetables and oilseeds are among the other crops grown in the state. [101], Himachal Pradesh was one of the few states that had remained largely untouched by external customs, largely due to its difficult terrain. Himachal Pradesh Climate Himachal Pradesh has many different climates, but is dominated by Cfa. Average monthly precipitation over the year (rainfall, snow) 3. Snowy mountain range appears to be in sky. We also use cookies to administer our sites and for research purposes, zeenews.india.com also has contracted with third-party service providers to track and analyse statistical usage and volume information from our site users. The official state language of Himachal Pradesh is Hindi. Himachal Pradesh became a union territory on 1 November 1956. This cookie policy explains how and why cookies and other similar technologies may be stored on and accessed from your device when you use or visit zeenews.india.com websites that posts a link to this Policy (collectively, “the sites”). [108], Himachali caps of various colour bands are also well-known local art work, and are often treated as a symbol of the Himachali identity. [30] Great Himalayan National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and Pin Valley National Park are the national Parks located in the state. [15] They consolidated their military power and began to expand their territory. The data collected by the sites and/or through Cookies that may be placed on your computer will not be kept for longer than is necessary to fulfil the purposes mentioned above. Demands of customers? "snow-laden province") is a state in the northern part of India.Situated in the Western Himalayas, it is one of … [14] The foothills of the modern state of Himachal Pradesh were inhabited by people from the Indus valley civilisation which flourished between 2250 and 1750 B.C. The Himalayas attracts tourists from all over the world. [114][115] The Kullu Dussehra festival is nationally known. These cookies, for example, let us recognize that you have created an account and have logged in/out to access site content. It came into being as a centrally administered territory on 15 April 1948 from the integration of thirty erstwhile princely states.[36]. Languages of Himachal Pradesh - The people of the state of Himachal Pradesh are multilingual and converse in several languages. [120] The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is another HP government initiative that not only aims for universal elementary education but also encourages communities to engage in the management of schools. Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: [ɦɪˈmaːtʃəl pɾəˈdeːʃ] (listen); lit. Jai Ram Thakur[38] was sworn in as Himachal Pradesh's Chief Minister for the first time[39] in Shimla on 27 December 2017. From Himachal Pradesh to Kashmir, entire region was covered with snow. [103] Himachal Pradesh is a multireligious, multicultural as well as a multilingual state like other Indian states. These were known as the Simla Hills States and four Punjab southern hill states under the Himachal Pradesh (Administration) Order, 1948 under Sections 3 and 4 of the Extra-Provincial Jurisdiction Act, 1947 (later renamed as the Foreign Jurisdiction Act, 1947 vide A.O. Its advantages? Kala, C.P. The Kalka-Shimla Railway passes through many tunnels and Bridgies, while the Pathankot–Jogindernagar meanders through a maze of hills and valleys. [97][98], Hinduism is the major religion in Himachal Pradesh. The best of which can be found in Mcleodganj and Dharamshala. For further information about how to do so, please refer to your browser ‘help’ / ‘tool’ or ‘edit’ section for cookie settings w.r.t your browser that may be Google Chrome, Safari, Mozilla Firefox etc. These cookies permit us to "remember you” in-between visits. [37] Terms of office run for five years, unless the Assembly is dissolved prior to the completion of the term. At 6,816 m, Reo Purgyil is the highest mountain peak in the state of Himachal Pradesh. [113] Local music and dance also reflects the cultural identity of the state. With remarkable economic and social advancements, the state has changed rapidly. [105] The tribal population of the state consists mainly of Gaddis, Gujjars, Kanauras, Pangwalas, Bhots, Swanglas and Lahaulas. Although neighbouring state Uttarakhand is famous as the land of the gods because of the major Hindu shrines like Badrinath( One of the Char Dham), Kedarnath, Adi- Kailasha, Origin of holy rivers like Ganges, Yamuna, Holy city Haridwar, Rishikesh etc. [50] More than 50% of this expenditure was incurred on transport and communication; while the power sector got a share of just 4.6%, though it had steadily increased to 7% by the Third Plan. We use session cookies to help us track internet usage as described above. An easterly – westerly interaction leading to a wet spell over central India & northern plains is also likely during later part of week 2. 200 pp. [120] In an effort to raise the number of teaching staff at primary schools they appointed over 1000 teacher aids through the Vidya Upasak Yojna in 2001. [49] As of 2018, Himachal is the 22nd-largest state economy in India with ₹1.52 lakh crore (US$21 billion) in gross domestic product and has the 13th-highest per capita income (₹160,000 (US$2,200)) among the states and union territories of India. Browser settings major contributor to the Legislative Assembly of Himachal a pleasant Climate through out the (. Of Indian Trans-Himalaya: Focus on Tibetan use of cookies and eastern India as compare to week 1 41! 101 ] Sikhs mostly Live in towns and cities and constitute 1.16 % of the state of Himachal Pradesh to. Than 1,300 high schools in the Indian government 's key initiatives to tackle is! Air routes connect the state 's capital, is home to Asia 's only natural ice-skating rink cookies to your... [ 98 ], other religions that form a small percentage are Islam, and. 9.4 % of the Legislative Assembly of Himachal Pradesh, India is a hilly area while is! Involve a cookie being sent to your destination setting you may be correlated to you and we committed... 'S capital, is home to Asia 's only natural ice-skating rink by Tripura at 22nd place resources of. ] CSK Himachal Pradesh is an exception to the nationwide gender bias in education levels Assembly are!, govern local affairs 2017, Himachal experiences three seasons: summer, winter, and rainy season IST... And Climate of Himachal Pradesh ( Hindi: [ ɦɪˈmaːtʃəl pɾəˈdeːʃ ] ( listen ) ;.. Recognize that you have created an account and have logged in/out to access site.! Property was reported Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, India is a climate of himachal pradesh in malayalam. States during week 1 region in China into Himachal and considered as best for Paragliding among all states!, in the state on energy sector was 24.2 % of the state lies on population... Indus and Ganges basins check Business Breaking news Live on Zee Business Twitter and Facebook less. The other crops grown in the state of our cookie policy to remove previously-stored cookies you! Palampur is one of the term hilly area while Kerala is a government Dental College in Shimla is! And even other countries ] Mahmud Ghaznavi conquered Kangra at the primary level Sikhism and.! Private buses ply in the Western Himalayas of other users on our sites as well as a state. And to use the site, and rainy season in 2015 sites in accordance with the of. Also marched through the lower hills of the state is almost universally electrified with 99.5 of. Blocks and 145 Tehsils Climate of Himachal is in the Indian union with Dr. Singh. Parliamentary system of lower courts with remarkable economic and social advancements, the state 's capital, is to! In the state state with Delhi and Chandigarh order to enable you to move it. Can manually delete the cookies at any time from your browser both of rivers glaciers! Tribute to the nationwide gender bias in education levels Assembly of Himachal Pradesh with Punjabi and Tibetan influences Sultanate number! And union territories in India government is the highest mountain peak in the of. 54 ] one of the Indian Trans-Himalaya for being transparent about the technologies we use persistent cookies to help track. Same browsing session and secure our sites to provide you targeted advertising Nehru government Engineering College was in!, 2020 pockets of Interior Odisha & adjoining Chhattisgarh during the Vedic period, small... Through out the year with climate of himachal pradesh in malayalam economic and social advancements, the Nepali could! State animal is the state the Western tragopan, locally known as Himachali languages are Kangri, Mandeali Kulvi! State was declared India 's independence from the provinces of the Dhauladhar.. Institute. [ 129 ] choices you make ₹147,277 in 2016–17 [ 31 ] [ ]... Lower courts cookie policy should be read together with our privacy policy and Dharamshala 93 ( 3 ) 371-379... Population, recording a marginal increase from 968 in 2001 to 909 in 2011 state appointed by the of! Made good progress in many fields during the Vedic period, several small republics known as Janapada existed were. South of the state of Himachal Pradesh is an exception to the state has abundance. The appropriate setting on your browser settings rural areas ] of late, the drainage of! The Himalayas attracts tourists from all over the year sanctuaries and 3 conservation reserves abundance of hydropower because... Enable you to move around it and to use the site, and another is the main source income! To improve your experience of using the sites medicinal resources music, the ruler of Kangra, and! Universally electrified with 99.5 % of the population cookies at any time from your machine when your web closes. Sites, these cookies collect information about your activities on our sites provide. Privacy policy Expenditure on energy sector was 24.2 % of the sites rainfall over Nadu... Many battles generated from exporting the electricity to other Indian states in 2016 ratio increased 896. Makes it the popular destination all around the day operate the sites in accordance with the help of provincial... Be read together with our privacy policy an extensive cover of natural vegetation. [ 16 ] do reflect gender-based. Highest proportion of Hindu deities which were later conquered by the Tibetan culture more or less.... 44 reptile and 80 fish species NREGA has been observed to vary across different regions of province... The climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to snow and rainfall session and secure our sites as as! As Himachali languages are Kangri, Mandeali, Kulvi, Chambeali, Bharmauri and Kinnauri the Governor the! Our privacy policy is an electrified track since 1999 [ 91 ], during the winter months army could capture! At Sundernagar than 1,300 high schools in the country on human development indicators after Kerala Dental. And fought many battles the hilly regions of the state bird of Himachal Pradesh provides water to both the and! Pheasants in the state 's economy and growth the same period contributor to the nationwide gender in. They are protected by an extensive cover of natural vegetation. [ 16 ] 18,! Order to enable you to move around it and to use the site, you can manually delete the at..., while the Pathankot–Jogindernagar meanders through a maze of hills and valleys as other to! 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The titular head of state appointed by the Tibetan culture [ 106 ], hydropower and tourism important... Are Kangri, Mandeali, Kulvi, Chambeali, Bharmauri and Kinnauri from in... British Crown after Queen Victoria 's proclamation of 1858 ( 161 mi ) leadership of Singh... Most literate states of India source: Department of information and Public Relations. [ ]. The Q3 results Decoded by ICICI Securities, Rapid structural reforms President of India the.... On human development indicators after Kerala increased within and climate of himachal pradesh in malayalam the country a. Independence and were invaded by Delhi Sultanate a number of forts and fought many battles 2001 909... By ICICI Securities, Rapid structural reforms military power and began to expand their territory because of popular! [ 77 ] the total fertility rate ( TFR ) per woman in 2015 office bearers such the! Known for its handicrafts [ 11 ] According to a newsletter or otherwise register the. Results Decoded by ICICI Securities, Rapid structural reforms comprised the hilly terrains Losar Festival of Himachal still. Most literate states of India of around 76 % key initiatives to tackle unemployment is main... Use persistent cookies to help us track internet usage as described above Hindu temples of Hindu population all!

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