Today, the species is flourishing across Scotland, and recovering well across the UK as waterways are cleaned up. The Otter is the only river in England known to contain a wild breeding population of beavers, a species that died out in Britain in around 1550. Otter numbers in the UK have increased slightly in recent years but the Eurasian otter is still classed as “Near Threatened” in … A widespread modern misconception is that the UK’s wild population of American mink originated from mass releases of mink from fur farms by animal rights activists in the 1990s. Source: UK Office for National Statistics (web). "We just don't have the data [on population … Where? progressive partitioning to identify population structuring within a recovering otter population in the UK. The return of otters to the UK. Twenty-five years ago, The English otter population was on the brink of extinction after half a century of agricultural chemicals leaching into the rivers and polluting the food chain. COUNTY Durham’s otter population is at its highest level for nearly four decades, a new survey has revealed. The otter (Lutra lutra) was lost from most of England and Wales between the 1950s and the 1970s because of pesticide pollution of waterways. Journal of Applied Ecology Volume 48, Issue 5, pages 1206-1217. Type: Mammal Location: One of the widest distributions of a UK mammal species, the Eurasian Otter is found throughout Europe, eastern Russia and China, south and south east Asia and north Africa. By the 1970s, otters were restricted mainly to Scotland, especially the islands and the north-west coast, western Wales, parts of East Anglia and the West Country (though they remained common and widespread also in Ireland). The otter is an appealing, playful animal but they can be very sensitive - it is an offense under the Wildlife & Countryside Act to disturb them or their habitat. Origin & Distribution: The otter is a secretive semi-aquatic species which was once widespread in Britain. The Isle of Mull’s beautiful Calgary Bay in the north-west and Salen Bay are good viewing points. Figure 5. 2001, 2003; Madsen and Prang 2001; Robitaille and Laurence 2002; Table 1). Research - Regular Otter Monitoring. By the 1970s, otters were restricted mainly to Scotland, especially the islands and the north-west coast, western Wales, parts of East Anglia and the West Country (though they remained … Results. Although the west coast, Mull, Skye, the Outer Hebrides and Shetland have the largest otter populations, I have spotted them off the coast of the Black Isle and Galloway and inland on the River Spey near Grantown. Jefferies DJ, Strachan C, Strachan R. 2003. Below is a map of TVERC’s otter records for 1990-1999 compared with 2010 to 2019. From 1992-1996 a detailed study of the otters on Skye was carried out which looked at distribution around the island and produced a population estimate of 350 for the island. Explanation: Wards as at December 2018. Welcome to the UK Wild Otter Trust! Otter droppings, or spraints, are often used to mark territory. Since 2007 IOSF has had a programme of regular monitoring of the Skye otter population using camera traps and surveys of 15 sites. Otter Project. The impact of these enclosed beavers is being monitored, with hopes they will reduce flood risk and boost biodiversity. You could spot otters almost anywhere on the Scottish coast. declines throughout most of its European range, and by the mid 1970s the UK otter population had been reduced to a point where they only existed in Scotland, parts of Wales and the West Country with a few remnant populations in other parts of England. A total of 187 fresh feces were collected in the field. If you can’t find the real thing, visit the friendly carved stone otter at the Otter Pool car park on the Raiders’ Road Forest Drive in Galloway Forest Park. Jefferies DJ. Visit the Kylerhea Otter Hide for a great chance to see an otter. So far as otters are concerned organisations such as the Environment Agency, particularly its branch that was previously known as the National Rivers Authority and the Vincent Wildlife Trust Otter … The Wildlife Trust has published a useful guide for spotting otters in the UK - but remember to tread quietly! Download Citation | Growth in Otter (Lutra lutra) Populations in the UK as Shown by Long-term Monitoring | European otters declined dramatically from the 1950s, disappearing from many rivers. It’s been a dramatic return to health for the UK’s otter population. In order to help the otter population in Wales survive and flourish, Natural Resources Wales (NRW) is asking people to spot and report dead otters as part of a UK-wide project. Status: Near Threatened … Otter cubs only open their eyes about five weeks after they are born. Beaver population. There are also regular otter sightings along the wooded shores of Loch Lomond and at Culbin on the Morayshire coast. It is the longest member of the weasel family, Mustelidae , a globally successful group of predators, reaching up to 1.7 metres (5.6 ft). The species has also been introduced to Kent, Essex and the Forest of Dean, but these populations are kept in large, fenced enclosures. Knapdale, the Tay and the Otter are the only places in the UK with wild, free-ranging beavers. The origin of the population is not known; it was first noticed in 2013, apparently successfully bearing three kits the next year. Every five years the British Deer Society undertakes a survey plotting the current distribution of all 6 species of deer wild in Great Britain and Northern Ireland and uses it to monitor and record changes from the previous survey to see if the range has changed or expanded. 1989. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 38, 61-69. Here in the Thames Valley, we first saw otters returning on the Upper Thames, in the west of our region, in the mid 1990s and they have been spreading steadily eastwards since then. Many people will remember these dramatic events for the sheer numbers of mink involved. Otter habitat improvement is also vital to the successful conservation of any species. Grace Yoxon of the International Otter Survival Fund said evidence of a surge in otter numbers should be treated with caution. Explanation: Wards as at December 2019. We are a Devon-based charity dedicated to protecting and promoting a positive understanding of the European otter and its conservation.We want everyone to be able to engage with and appreciate these beautiful animals, and we work hard to raise awareness, educate, and share information in as many ways as possible! The giant otter or giant river otter (Pteronura brasiliensis) is a South American carnivorous mammal. The otter is a secretive semi-aquatic species which was once widespread in Britain. Conservation action for the otter in Britain has a long history with many players fulfilling zThe otter’s tolerance of a very wide range of habitat conditions. The otter has a large territory that may be over 10 miles for a dog otter depending on the food supply and cover that it affords. Otter population indexes for the River Teme catchment. We run a long term environmental surveillance scheme, using otters found dead to investigate contaminants, disease, and population biology across the UK. 25 - 20-15 -~ x ~~Little OuseI \/ 10 .-" \/t / Wissey 0 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 Year Figure 6. In the UK IOSF is the only charity solely dedicated to the conservation, protection and care of otters based on years of scientific research in the UK and around the world. A more detailed discussion of these problems is presented in Section 2. Otter population indexes for the Little Ouse and Wissey catchments. The estimated otter population density was calculated using the population size and the total length of monitored watercourses (183.8 km). increase in the index over the study period, due largely to an increase in sprainting intensity. But it survived in Scotland’s cleanest bodies of water in the north and west. The Isle of Skye and the immediate mainland are the areas that Gavin Maxwell’s writing made famous, and in particular the coast around Glenelg where he lived. Human population density and residential development are frequently cited as indicators of anthropogenic disturbances in otter habitats (Barbosa et al. Atypical of mustelids, the giant otter is a social species, with family groups typically supporting three to eight members. The genuine Sea Otter is a different species found off the west coast of North America. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. The Otter Trust conservation area was set up in Earsham on the River Waveney in 1971, but has since closed because the population in Norfolk has recovered so well. I’ve watched them on the fringes of Inverness, and have seen some fabulous photographs of otters in the … All area and population figures of wards are based on output areas. Otter DNA was extracted from 185 (98.9%) fecal samples and of these, 77 (41.2%) samples were successfully typed. Source: UK Office for National Statistics (web). All area and population figures of wards are based on output areas. Within this territory the otter will live in dens that are called holts. Email:enquiries@english-nature.org.uk Tel:+44 (0) 1733 455100 ... zThe impossibility of determining the otter ‘population’ in a cost-effective way. Twenty-five years ago, The English otter population was on the brink of extinction after half a century of agricultural chemicals leaching into the rivers and polluting the food chain. Thus, slight discrepancies are possible compared to the actual ward boundaries that are depicted in the map. 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