By the time the HMS Challenger left the dock on December 21, 1872, the world was experiencing an intellectual and technological revolution of sorts. ,On December 21st 1872 HMS Challenger set sail from Portsmouth on a four-year 70,000 nautical mile voyage of exploration around the globe. Among the Challenger Expedition’s discoveries is The route that the ship took is shown in the map below. The Challenger expedition of 1872 to 1876 was the first expedition entirely devoted to marine science. At a time when knowledge began to be equated with power, the deep ocean was one of the great frontiers that man had yet to conquer. ISBN 0-309-08904-2. Sponsored by the Royal Society of London, in collaboration with the University of Edinburgh, the expedition’s explicit intent was to improve understanding of the ocean and the life it supports. It left Portsmouth on 21 December 1872 and returned in May 1876. 1873. ... the second HMS Challenger expedition. The Silent Landscape The Scientific Voyage of HMS Challenger by Richard Corfield Joseph Henry Press (National Academies Press), Washington, DC, 2003. By the end of 1872, the stage was finally set for the prolonged journey of the HMS Challenger. The ship departed from England, and went across the Atlantic four times, around 4 15 Thomson, Charles Wyville. who was the first european to recognize that south america was a new continent? Unlike previous expeditions, Challenger left to explore the sea itself, the first scientific expedition of oceanographic exploration. In June and July 1941 she and three Flower-class corvettes escorted the troop ship Anselm from Britain en route for Freetown, Sierra Leone. HMS ChallengerHMS Challenger1872-1876Captained by George Nares Prompted and scientifically supervised by Charles Wyville Thomson68,890 miles 492 deep sea soundings 133 bottom dredges 151 open water trawls 263 serial water temperature observations were taken 4,700 species of marine life were discoveredRouteVoyage lasted 1,000 daysCovered 68,000 nautical milesStarted: Portsmouth, … The crossing north-westward from Manila to Hong Kong took place in November 1874. The Voyage of HMS Challenger. It was decommissioned in 1878 and then became a floating warehouse in 1883 in the River Medway. $24.95, C$34.95. The historic voyage of the British ship HMS (His Majesty's Ship) Challenger, conducted between 1872-1876, is considered to be the first expedition undertaken specifically to conduct oceanographic research. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur ni adipiscing elit. “Geography of the Sea and the Object of the Challenger Expedition.” HMS Challenger. The expedition was named after the mother vessel, HMS Challenger.. 299 pp. MessageToEagle.com – On December 21, 1872 the HMS Challenger sailed from Portsmouth, England, in the first scientific voyage, which would last almost three and a half years. From 1872-1876 The H.M.S. The Clyde Challenger’s mast and rigging were destroyed as it was en route to Britain from the Azores, prompting a rescue operation by a HMS Dragon, Royal Navy Type 45 destroyer. This scientific expedition was organized to examine the deep-sea floor and shed more light on the unknown the ocean environment. The Transpolar Sea Route (TSR) is a future Arctic shipping route running from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean across the center of the Arctic Ocean. The expedition covered 69,000 miles (about 130.000 km) and gathered data … The expedition was a scientific circumnavigation of the world—lasting almost four years and traversing 68,900 miles (110,800 km or 127,600 nautical miles). 4 A CHALLENGER Figure 4.2. Long before cabled observatories were built to explore the ocean, HMS Challenger embarked on the world's first global oceanographic expedition. Challenger discovered a 5-mile hole in the Pacific Ocean floor , later about the 1950's Sonar revealed it to be a trench as … Long before cabled observatories were built to explore the ocean, HMS Challenger embarked on the world's first global oceanographic expedition. Transpolar Sea Route Last updated December 17, 2020 The Transpolar Sea Route (yellow), compared to the Northwest Passage (green) and the Northeast Passage (magenta). Built to explore the sea itself, the first expedition entirely devoted to marine science map below the Challenger the. Kent Challenger expedition route for Freetown, Sierra Leone previous expeditions, Challenger left to explore the ocean named... Named after the mother vessel, HMS Challenger foundation for the science of.. 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